In bibliolog, the main focus is acquiring a deeper understanding of a text by identifying with chosen characters. While studying the text together in a group, we always concentrate on a specific story, remaining within the situation presented in the text, searching for hidden truths and meanings, knowledge of the world, and knowledge of ourselves. The specifics of the acting, improvisation, or expression are not important here.

The primary tool for encounter and communication is verbal expression, naming, interpretation, honing ideas, and getting to the bottom of things. In bibliolog, the leader asks the participants questions, as if they themselves were the characters in the story being analysed. The participants give answers from within the characters, always using the first person, i.e. "I" or "we". The possibility of changing roles repeatedly during the activity is very valuable. It enables us to directly experience different perspectives and points of view, which is conducive to verification of attitudes and opinions; it facilitates dialogue with people who think differently. The structure of bibliolog, like bibliodrama, is based on Moreno's methodology, based on three distinct stages: Warmups, various activities and roleplaying, and a summary and reflection of the group's work.